Name: Dr. Grasian Mkodzongi 

Institutional Affiliation: Tropical Africa – Land and Natural Resources Research Institute  


Dr Grasian Mkodzongi (PhD University of Edinburgh) is an Executive Director at Tropical Africa- Land and Natural Resources Research Institute (Tropical Africa LNRRI) based in Harare Zimbabwe. Until 2015, he was a Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Western Cape and A.C. Jordan Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Cape Town. His current research focusses on the interface of agrarian change, natural resource extraction and rural livelihoods in Zimbabwe and the southern African sub-region. He has published extensively on issues of agrarian transformation, rural livelihoods, extractives and social transformation in Zimbabwe and southern Africa. His major works are Land and Agrarian Transformation in Zimbabwe, rethinking rural livelihoods in the aftermath of Zimbabwe’s land reforms, Land Reform Revisited: Democracy State Making and Agrarian Transformation in Post -apartheid South Africa (co-edited with Femke Brandt), Africa, History and Culture (co-edited with Mariama Khan). He has also published articles in peer reviewed journals including an award-winning article ‘I am a Paramount Chief this Land Belongs to My Ancestors (Review of African Political Economy Journal), The Rise of Mashurugwi Machete Gangs and violent conflicts in Zimbabwe’s artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector (Extractive Industries and Society), Artisanal Gold Mining and Farming: livelihood linkages and labour dynamics after land reforms in Zimbabwe, Mobility Temporary Migration and Changing Livelihoods in Zimbabwe’s Artisanal Mining Sector (both co-authored with Sam Spiegel and published in the Journal of Development Studies and Extractive Industries and Society Journal). He is currently editing a booking titled ‘Zimbabwe’s Changing Agrarian Sector’ (forthcoming in Routledge) 



List of Selected Publications: 

Lavigne, S, Mkodzongi, G and Nyandoro, M. (forthcoming 2021) “Criminality/Banditry” and Regular Resource Extraction in Artisanal Small-Scale Mining in the DRC and Zimbabwe’ 

Mujere, J, Mkodzongi, G and Mwatwara, W (forthcoming 2021). Gold, Power and Gang Violence in Zimbabwe’s Artisanal Gold Mining Sector. 

Mkodzongi, G. 2021. Conflict and Collaboration in Zimbabwe’s Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Sector: In Takehiko Ochiai, Misa Hirano-Nomoto and Daniel E. Agbiboa (Eds), African Potentials for Convivial World-making, Langaa RCPIG: Cameroon 

Mkodzongi, G. 2021. Primitive accumulation and exploitative labour relations in Zimbabwe’s Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) sector, in Jha, P, Chambati, W and Osome, L (Eds), Labour Questions in the Global South: Palgrave: Singapore 

Mkodzongi, G., 2020. The rise of ‘Mashurugwi’machete gangs and violent conflicts in Zimbabwe’s artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector. The Extractive Industries and Society7(4), pp.1480-1489. 

Mkodzongi, G. 2020. Land and Agrarian Transformation in Zimbabwe: Rethinking Rural Livelihoods in the Aftermath of the Land Reforms. London, Anthem Press. 

Mkodzongi, G., & Zano, V.2020. The Political Economy of Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining in Zimbabwe: The Problem of Formalisation. Southern African Resource Watch: Johannesburg 

Mkodzongi, G. and Spiegel, S.J., 2020. Mobility, temporary migration and changing livelihoods in Zimbabwe’s artisanal mining sector. The Extractive Industries and Society7(3), pp.994-1001. 

Mkodzongi, G., 2020. “Zimbabwe: A Gold Mining Boom amid Rapid Agrarian Change” in Boris Verbrugge, and Sara Geenen (eds.) Global Gold Production Touching Ground (pp. 283-300). Palgrave Macmillan: London. 

Mkodzongi, G and Spiegel, S.2019. Artisanal Gold Mining and Farming: Livelihood Linkages and Labour Dynamics after Land Reforms in Zimbabwe, The Journal of Development Studies, 55:10, 2145-2161.  DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2018.1516867